Alma is a Statutory Town located in Park County, Colorado, United States. The town population was 270 at the 2010 United States Census.
At an elevation of approximately 10,578 feet (3,224 m), it is the highest incorporated municipality in the United States with permanent residents. Its United States Post Office is located at the highest elevation of any in the country. Alma, which is a town, did not take the title as highest incorporated city from Leadville, Colorado, as is commonly believed. Leadville is still the highest incorporated city in North America. Using administrative boundaries as a measure, not settled areas, in 2006 Winter Park, Colorado became the highest incorporated town due to its annexation of a ski area. Alma, however, has a contiguous residential area (on Mountain View Drive) extending to 11,680 feet (3,560 m) above sea level, while any such area in or near Winter Park reaches only 9,550 feet (2,910 m), Leadville 10,360 feet (3,160 m).
The town was named by a merchant named Mr. James, after his wife. Another tradition states the town was named for the daughter of a resident.
Alma is located at 39°17′03″N 106°03′48″W, along State Highway 9.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.362 square miles (0.94 km²), almost all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 610 people, 259 households, and 169 families residing in the town. The population density was 576.3 people per square mile (222.2/km²). There were 337 housing units at an average density of 318.4 per square mile (122.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.1% White, 1.3% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 2.8% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.9% of the population
There were 259 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.79.
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